Medication and Food Supplements


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Asthma & Allergy Medications

Antihistamines

If you have allergies, your physician may prescribe antihistamines to relieve or prevent the symptoms of hay fever (allergic rhinitis) & other allergies. Antihistamines prevent the effects of histamine chemical substance released by the body during an allergic reaction. By preventing the action of histamine the symptoms or the allergy will be reduced.

Possible side effects of antihistamine:
-dry mouth
-difficulty urinating
-constipation
-drowsiness

Examples: Benadryl, Clariton, Reactine

Decongestants

Reduce the nasal congestion & other symptoms associated with colds & allergies. They work by shrinking blood vessels, thereby decreasing the amount of fluid that leaks out into the mucus. They come in a liquid form, nasal spray & tablets. Most of these are available over-the-counter as well as by prescription. Very often antihistamines & decongestants are combined for a stronger effect.

Possible side effects of decongestants:
-nervousness
-sleeplessness
-raised blood pressure

Examples: Sudafed, Dimetapp, Tylenol Cold & Flu

Bronchodilators

There are several classes of bronchodilators available to treat asthma. Beta-agonist broncho dilators relax the muscle of the bronchial tubes. Short-acting beta-agonist bronchodilators are used as quick-relief medications. These are available as inhalations, liquids, injectables & pills. Long activating beta agonists bronchodilators are used for long-term control of asthma.

Possible side effects of bronchodilators:
-nervousness
-increased heart rate
-restlessness
-insomnia
-headaches (rarely)

Example: Ventolin

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